Democracy and rights
The democratic institutions are solid in
Luxembourg, which, like most of Western Europe, belongs
to the countries ranked highest in the world in terms of
political and civil rights. Electoral democracy is fully
Luxembourg is ranked 9 out of 180 countries in
Transparency International's index of corruption (the
full list is here). However, the country is regarded as
a tax haven and some criticism has been directed at the
lack of a coherent strategy to prevent corruption. There
are also no rules regarding gifts, lobbying and
conflicts of interest when a public person leaves his
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Luxembourg, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
Government members are required to declare possible
ownership in companies, but nothing happens if they fail
to cooperate. There is no effective legislation on
access to information, and both media and citizen groups
often find it difficult to access public government
Freedom of expression and media
The constitution guarantees freedom of the press and
it is well respected. Residents are among the largest
news consumers in the EU and confidence is high for the
domestic media. Generous press support contributes to
the strong newspaper market.
The well-known deal "Luxleaks" revealed how
multinational companies avoid tax through their presence
in Luxembourg and whistleblower Antoine Deltour
admittedly fell, but he was clearly acknowledged by the
court for the disclosure (see Calendar). It is seen as a
good sign for continued freedom of expression.
In Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index,
Luxembourg is ranked 17 out of 180 countries (see list
Judicial system and legal security
The judiciary works without political influence.
Previously, the judges in the Supreme Court have been
nominated by the Grand Duke, but it should now be done
by a legal council, which is further considered to
strengthen the court's independence.
There are some problems with congestion and poor
conditions in Luxembourg's only prison.
Luxembourg receives a credit warning
The credit rating agency Moody's warns that Luxembourg risks being downgraded
from its highest credit rating, AAA. The background is the debt crisis in the
euro zone and the country's great dependence on the financial sector.
Gender-neutral succession comes into force
The rules for the succession are changed so that the regent's oldest child
becomes the heir to the throne, regardless of gender.
New Benelux agreement
A new agreement on political and economic cooperation comes into force,
replacing the previous agreement of 1958. The agreement entails deeper
cooperation between Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg in areas such as
legal and trade matters. The former Benelux Economic Union now becomes the
Benelux Union (see also Modern History).