Democracy and rights
Norway is one of the most robust democracies
in the world. Human rights are guaranteed by the
Constitution and are well respected.
Norway is a democracy with strong and independent
institutions. Freedom of assembly and association is
enshrined in the Constitution and respected. Civil
society organizations can act freely and criticize
political decisions. The elections are considered free
and fair, but according to the Organization for Security
and Cooperation in Europe, the OSCE, a sharply increased
inflow of private money to party funds risks giving
capital-strong donors influence over politics.
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Norway, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
Religious freedom is enshrined in the Basic Law, but
from 2018 it is forbidden to wear clothing that covers,
in whole or in part, the face of teaching situations.
Minorities have the same statutory rights as other
citizens, but in recent years the number of religiously
motivated hate crimes has increased significantly. The
United Nations Human Rights Committee is concerned about
the occurrence of hate crimes and threatening statements
against Roma, migrants, Muslims Jews and Sami and has
called on the Norwegian government to take action.
The Marriage Act gives same-sex couples the right to
enter into marriage, and the right to become adoptive
parents. But it happens that homosexuals are exposed to
threats and violent crimes.
Norway is ranked as the world's second most equal
country according to the World Economic Forum, shortly
after Iceland. 40 percent of the MEPs were women in
2017. Corruption is not a major problem, the country
ranks seventh in Transparency International's index of
perceived corruption in 180 countries.
Freedom of expression and media
In 2019, Norway ranks first in Reporters Without
Borders index of press freedom in the world. Freedom of
speech and the press are constitutional and anyone can
openly criticize the government without the risk of
reprisals. Public documents are legally available to the
public, which facilitates the work of journalists. There
is a multitude of independent media reviewing
politicians and other holders of power.
Judicial system and legal security
Legal security is generally very good. Police,
prosecutors, courts are independent, have integrity and
can act effectively in relation to the executive. Norway
almost always adheres to judgments, decisions and
recommendations made by the European Court of Justice
and various UN committees. The World Justice Project
ranks Norway second, just after Denmark, in its index of
the rule of law in 126 countries in 2019. But the
country has been criticized by international
surveillance mechanisms for long detention times and for
frequent use of detention in prisons and prisons. The
detention of persons who have been detained while
awaiting deportation has also been criticized by human
PST: "Increased risk of terrorist acts against
The Norwegian security service PST warns that the
terrorist threat to Norway has increased during the
autumn. According to PST, the likelihood is that a
terrorist act or an attempt at such will be carried out
within a year.
Norwegian soldiers to Iraq
The government announces that 120 Norwegian
militaries will be sent to Iraq to train the Iraqi army
in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) extremist
Islamist group. The soldiers should not participate in
combat. Half of the soldiers will be stationed in
Baghdad and half in the city of Arbil in the Kurdish
region of northern Iraq.
Norwegian couple gets the Nobel Prize in medicine
The researchers May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser
receive the Nobel Prize in medicine together with the
British professor John O'Keefe. They receive the prize
for the discovery of the brain's "GPS system", which
explains how we know where we are and how we can
navigate from one place to another. The discovery has
provided, among other things, a greater knowledge of why
Alzheimer's patients cannot recognize their
Stoltenberg takes over as Natochef
Former leader of the Labor Party Jens Stoltenberg
takes over as NATO's military alliance secretary
general. He replaces the Danish Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
Increased terror preparedness
On July 24, the police are set on alert throughout
the country after a "concrete threat" has been presented
about an imminent terror attack. The threat is said to
come from an extreme Islamist group in Syria. ID checks
are introduced at the border crossings and parts of the
airspace over Bergen are closed. After three days, the
authorities reduce the threat and after a week the
police return to normal readiness. The stricter border
controls are abolished.
Jonas Gahr StÝre new leader of the Labor Party
Jonas Gahr StÝre, former Foreign Minister and
Minister of Health of the Stoltenberg Government, is
elected new leader of the Labor Party.
Norwegian will lead UN force
As the first woman, Norwegian Major General Kristin
Lund is appointed to lead a UN peacekeeping force. She
takes command of the International Peace Force in Cyprus
on August 13. The Cyprus force consists of nearly 1,000
soldiers and police and 149 civilian employees.
The government declines meeting with the Dalai Lama
The government chooses not to meet the Tibetan
spiritual leader Dalai Lama when he visits Norway to
note that it is 25 years since he received the Nobel
Peace Prize. Government representatives say the decision
is not made to hamper attempts to normalize relations
with China, which bottomed in 2010 when the Norwegian
Nobel Committee awarded the Peace Prize to Chinese
dissident Liu Xiaobo.
Stoltenberg is appointed chief of NATO
Jens Stoltenberg, leader of the Labor Party and
former prime minister, is elected Secretary-General of
the NATO military alliance. Stoltenberg will take up the
post in October of that year.
Strict asylum and immigration policy is introduced
The government agrees with the Christian People's
Party and Venstre on a new and mainly stricter asylum
policy. But the agreement also means that around 1,000
children and young people, who have been denied their
asylum application and are at risk of deportation,
should be able to stay in Norway through special
considerations. The so-called asylum children are a
contentious political issue in Norway and the decision
on their future is considered a remission to Venstre. In
addition, the new asylum policy means that Norway
introduces a 24-year limit for an immigrant who has
received asylum to be allowed to reunite with his or her
spouse in Norway (a requirement that the Progress Party
has long stated). A faster treatment of people who are
in the country without a residence permit is introduced,
as well as two different asylum centers (one open for
those who are allowed to stay and one locked reception
for those who are to be expelled).
Coal mine opens at Svalbard
Norway opens a coal mine on the archipelago of
Svalbard in the Northern Arctic Ocean. A power struggle
is underway over the natural resource-rich Arctic
between Norway, Russia and the USA, among others.