Democracy and rights
Slovenia is a stable democracy where
fundamental freedoms and rights are well respected, not
least compared to the other former Yugoslav republics.
However, there are some problems with high-level
corruption and journalists can be sentenced to prison
Slovenia ranks well in political and civil rights
rankings. In the Freedom House compilation, the country
is on a par with Germany and receives the grade "full
democracy". The elections are conducted under free and
fair conditions, the electoral authority is independent
and there are no obstacles for political parties to act
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Slovenia, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
In Transparency International's index of corruption
levels, Slovenia ranks 35th out of 180 countries (see
full list here). It is significantly better even than
the 63rd place occupied by neighboring Croatia, also a
former Yugoslav republic which, like Slovenia, is now an
The corruption that occurs mainly concerns conflicts
of interest in connection with public procurement. Two
of the country's leading politicians, Prime Minister
Janez Janša and Ljubljana's mayor Zoran Janković, have
been charged with bribery. Janša has also been sentenced
to prison, but later the sentence was annulled.
One notable human rights issue concerns more than
25,000 people who, after independence in 1991, were
eliminated from the population registers because they
did not apply for citizenship when the new state was
formed. These were Roma and other non-Slovenes (mainly
Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks). The "purged" stood for many
years alongside the community. They had major problems
getting jobs and housing and were not included in the
pension and social insurance systems.
The Constitutional Court ruled in both 1999 and 2003
that those affected would regain their rights. However,
in a 2004 referendum, 95 percent of voters voted against
allowing citizens who were deleted from the registers to
obtain citizenship. The turnout was low and the
referendum was only advisory, but the opposition helped
the process to drag on over time. Those who were still
waiting for information were granted citizenship in
2010, and after two rulings in the European Court of
Human Rights, in 2013 Parliament decided on damages to
those affected. Nevertheless, the issue continued to be
Slovenia also receives regular criticism for the
Roma's vulnerable situation (see Population and
Languages and Social Conditions).
Freedom of expression and media
The constitution guarantees freedom of expression and
media and for the most part journalists can work without
being subjected to political pressure. However,
journalists may be required to reveal their sources and
slander is not completely decriminalized.
Slovenian media were the most outspoken in former
Yugoslavia and played an important role as Slovenia
embarked on the path to independence in the late 1980s.
A military trial in 1988 against, among other things,
journalists from the journal Mladina triggered
the first demands for self-government.
In 2020, Slovenia is ranked 32 out of 180 countries
in Reporters Without Borders index of freedom of the
press in the world countries and has thus passed both
France and the UK (for the full list see here).
However, media freedom has deteriorated in recent
years. Journalists can, among other things, be
prosecuted for publishing classified material. A
journalist for the Delo newspaper was indicted after she
wrote about links between a neo-Nazi group and the
Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), information that the
intelligence service claimed was secretly stamped.
Prosecutors laid down the case in 2015 but ruled that
the journalist was "guilty", although she herself said
she had been given the information legally.
In the same year, a law was passed which meant that
prosecution cases had to be pursued by individual
persons, which raised the bar slightly compared to
earlier when prosecutors could run the cases themselves.
However, those convicted of slander still run the risk
According to a 2006 law, anyone who feels offended by
an article can request a "correction" before the same
It is common for politicians to sue journalists and
verbally give up on them in public. On at least two
occasions in 2018, journalists were also physically
accosted and the number of threats made against media
Regime-critical newspapers sometimes also find it
difficult to attract ads, which leads to some
self-censorship among the writers.
Judicial system and legal security
The judiciary is independent, but staff shortages
lead to long waiting times when matters are to be dealt
with. Although some overcrowding may occur in the
country's prisons, they maintain the standard prescribed
by international standards. The death penalty has been
abolished since 1990.
There is an ombudsman who is responsible for ensuring
that human rights are respected. Complaints against the
police, which are usually about unjustified violence or
inefficiency, are dealt with by a special council which
also represents civil society (for example, NGOs).
Limit to arbitration
Slovenia and Croatia agree to hand over the border dispute in the Gulf of
Piran to international arbitration. Thus, Slovenia stops blocking Croatia's
negotiations for EU membership.
Elections to the European Parliament
In elections to the European Parliament, SD and SDS receive two seats each,
while NSI, LDS and Zares each receive one. The turnout is 28 percent.
Yes to Croatia in NATO
As the last state in the NATO alliance, Slovenia ratifies Croatia's
membership of NATO. A dispute with Croatia over the border in the Gulf of Piran
is the reason why the process has dragged on over time.
New government takes office
Pahor will take over as prime minister in a government made up of the Social
Democrats, the LDS, Social Liberal Slovenia for real (Zares) and the Desus
Even in parliamentary elections
The result in the parliamentary elections will be very even between the
Social Democrats (SD), who receive 30.5 percent of the vote and 29 seats, and
Prime Minister Janez Janšas SDS, which reaches 29.3 percent and gets 28 seats.