Democracy and rights
In international comparisons, Sweden
consistently ranks among the leading countries in terms
of democratic institutions, the rule of law, political
and civil rights, and freedom of the press and opinion.
Fundamental freedoms and rights are guaranteed by the
Constitution and are well respected by law. In rankings
that take into account the functioning of the political
system, the participation of citizens and the
independence of the judiciary, Sweden is usually at the
top along with the other Nordic countries. This means,
among other things, that the political institutions are
robust, elections are carried out democratically,
political rights are respected and citizens have the
right to organize and participate in protests.
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Sweden, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
Sweden is ranked fourth among 180 countries on
Transparency International's (TI) list of world
countries ranked by perceived corruption (the list is
here). Despite the good placement, criticism does occur.
In particular, TI mentions a lack of efforts against
money laundering and a poor review of Swedish companies'
involvement in corruption and bribery abroad. Several
cases have shown this, not least the telecom company
Telia's bribery business in Uzbekistan (read more in the
Calendar), allegations of money laundering directed at
Swedbank (see here) and telecom giant Ericsson's bribery
in several countries (see here). And it was not until
April 2018 that in practice anonymous contributions to
political parties were banned (see here). TI has also
pointed out maladministration within the National Audit
Office 2016 (see here).
Freedom of expression and media
Sweden has a long tradition of freedom of expression
and a ban on censorship. The country is ranked fourth
out of 180 countries in Reporters Without Borders list
2020 (see ranking list see here).
Three out of four constitutions regulate the
activities of the mass media (see also Political
system). The form of government establishes the
fundamental right to freedom of expression and
information. The Freedom of Pressure Ordinance
introduced in 1766 was the first of its kind in the
world (the current one is from 1949). The law is one of
the most liberal in the world in this area and prohibits
the censorship of printed writings and protects the
submitter (freedom of speech). The law also regulates
the principle of public disclosure, which should give
free access to public documents. The Statement of
Freedom of Expression was created in 1991 with the
Freedom of Pressure Regulation as a model. It regulates
the freedom of speech in audio and video media intended
for a wide receiver group. The media in Sweden largely
follow their own prescriptive rules, which include,
among other things, that news should be factual and
respect the privacy of private individuals.
Following Sweden's entry into the EU in 1995, a
number of laws have been added that, according to
critics, cut the freedom of expression and printing on
the edge. Authorities are increasingly encrypting public
documents. This has often happened in the past with
reference to the Personal Data Act (PUL) from 1998. PUL
has since 2018 been replaced by the Data Protection
Regulation (GDPR), a much more stringent EU law. GDPR
restricts the right of companies and organizations to
store personal data. New communication methods have also
resulted in a new law on signal voltage, which after
intense debate was adopted in 2008. The so-called FRA
law gives the Swedish Defense Radio Agency (FRA) the
right to search for cable-borne traffic (telephone and
internet) that cross Sweden's borders. Critics believe
the law is violating privacy. Following a law change in
2009, FRA must obtain permission from a court to obtain
Judicial system and legal security
The judiciary is generally independent, fair and well
functioning, and legal security is relatively good. The
World Justice Project ranks Sweden in fourth place in
its index of the rule of law in 126 countries 2018,
close to the Nordic neighboring countries. A sub-area
where Sweden slips slightly further down the list
concerns order and security.
In addition, Sweden has repeatedly been appealed to
international bodies, including the Council of Europe,
in cases concerning the rights and rights of
individuals. In one of the more noteworthy cases, the UN
Human Rights Committee in the fall of 2006 accused
Sweden of violating the ban on torture when two
suspected Egyptian terrorists with American assistance
were expelled from Sweden and brought to Egypt in 2001.
Criticism is also directed at Sweden for too long
detention times, and because the detainees are often
kept in isolation.
Swedish courts have the opportunity to try
international crimes committed in other countries. The
first such conviction fell in 2006 and involved crimes
in Bosnia, while the first conviction for genocide came
in 2013 and concerned Rwanda (see further Calendar).
Saab in bankruptcy
Car manufacturer Saab applies for bankruptcy (see
S-conductor in windy weather
Criticism is directed at the Social Democrats' new
leader Håkan Juholt when it is discovered that he
incorrectly received SEK 160,000 in compensation for
double residence, from the Riksdag.
Maud Olofsson resigns in accordance with the previous
message as both party leader and Minister of Industry.
She succeeds on both posts by Annie Lööf.
Re-election in municipality and county council
15th of May
Re-election is held in a constituency in Örebro
municipality and to the entire county council in Västra
Götaland, since it was discovered by election trustees
that erroneous in the election in September 2010.
Stop for government sales
The government suffers a defeat when the four
opposition parties vote against the sale of the
state-owned companies SBAB, Telia Sonera and Posten
Norden, as well as parts of the power company Vattenfall.
The government had planned to sell state assets for $
100 billion in four years.
Håkan Juholt elected new party leader for the Social
Democrats, after Mona Sahlin.
Name change in ministry
The Ministry of Agriculture becomes the Ministry of